Shed

For this DIY project, I built 8 ft. x 6 ft. shed, instead of buying one.  This is also my first shed build.

Let’s start with tools used.  Majority of my tools come from Harbor Freight or Home Depot.

 

Tools:

Hammer

Miter Saw

7-1/4 in. Circular Saw

Impact Driver/Drill

Speed triangle

4 ft. Beam Level

Nails: 1 box of roofing 1 1/4 in,  and two boxes of 2 in. 6D Exterior Galvanized nails.

Screws: 3 1/2 in. exterior grade (5 lb box) and 2 1/2  in. exterior grade (1 lb box) screws.

Kreg Jig Mini or Kreg Jig K4 pocket Hole system

Materials:

Floor:

I built floor/ foundation from 2 in.x 6 in. pressure treated lumber.

7 x (2 in.x 6 in. x 8 ft.) Pressure treated

2 x (3/4 in. x 4 ft. x 8 ft.) CDX Ground Contact Pressure Treated Plywood

6 x (4 in. x 4 in.) posts I had these left over from fence I built.

2 x 50 lb. Fast-Setting Concrete Mix

2 x 10 oz. Liquid Nails Heavy-Duty Adhesive

Walls and Rafters:

All the walls, rafters and the doors are built using 2×4. You will need quite a few of these. My shed I used 24 in. on center spacing for walls studs instead 16 in. on center spacing since shed is very small so it would not need extra wall studs.

40 x (2 in. x 4 in. x 92-5/8 in.) Prime Whitewood Studs

Roof:

1 x Roll of #15 Felt Roof Deck Protection

3 x Bundle 3-Tab Shingles

4 x (7/16 in. x 4 ft. x 8 ft.) OSB TechShield Radiant Barrier

2 x 4 ft. long Roof Ridge Exhaust Vent

4 x 10 ft. Galvanized Roof Edge Flashing

Siding & Trim:

7 x (48 in. x 96 in.) Composite Panel Siding

15 x (3/4 in. x 2 in. x 8 ft.) Pre-Primed Composite Reversible Trim

4 x (3/4 in. x 6 in. x 8 ft.) Pre-Primed Composite Reversible Trim

 

Step one: Foundation

I cut two 2×6 at 6 ft. for shorter sides and for long sides got two uncut 8ft 2×6. Then I made rectangle box using 3 1/3 screws and placed to desired location. I then dug six 1 ft. deep post holes and used various left-over 4×4 for the posts.

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One I was happy with location of all posts. I used Fast-Setting Concrete Mix to secure posts. For fast setting concrete, you just pour in the post hole and add water. It only takes 30-40 minutes to make concrete hard as rock.

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To ensure shed floor is level I used 4 ft. level and raised each corner until was perfectly level on all sides. Then used 3 1/2 in. Screws to secure it to posts and cut the tops to be flush with top of the 2×6’s.

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Next I installed 3 cross support 6 ft. long beams spaced at 24 in. on center and used left-over pieces to add strength to the floor by adding smaller cross support pieces.

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For the floor, I cut each plywood sheet to 4×6 ft. long and used liquid nails and 2 1/2 in. Exterior screws every 12 inches to secure to the foundation.

To build roof support, I opted to use lower pitch roof since shed is small, and we do not have any snow here in Texas. There are a lot of great videos on YouTube on how to build roof trusses. I choose to build 4/12 roof pitch (or slope). This means that the roof rises 4 inches for every 12 inches inward towards the peak (or ridge). I built trusses on the shed floor prior to putting up walls. Basically, you build first one then use 2 1/2 in. screws or nails to secure the peak with left-over plywood.

 

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Once initial one is made you secure it with left-over blocks and build others just like first one. My shed will have them spaced at 24 in. on center so I would need 5 trusses.

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Walls:

To build walls you will need 4 2×4 at 8 feet long for two sides, and you will cut others down to desired size. For walls height, I wanted studs to be 6 ft. tall, so I started by cutting 2×4 @ 6 ft. I needed 18 studs cut at 6 ft. for all four walls. Afterwards I assembled first long wall with two 8 ft. studs for top and bottom next spaced each 6 ft. stud at 24 in. on center. So for longer 8 ft. wall you will need five 6 ft. studs and 4 for each smaller wall.

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Build two longer walls then do same for smaller back wall, which will also have studs at 24 in. on center.

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Raise the walls:

Since I was doing all work by myself, I used old 2×4 to hold the walls up while I secure them to each other. As you see below I built front door opening at 3 ft. wide and built header by using two 2×4 sandwiched with the piece of osb in between to make it as thick as 2×4 stud.

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Basically stand up all four walls and use 2×4 just to hold them up.

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Next we use 4 ft. level to ensure walls are level vertically and secure each wall to one another and floor with 3 1/2 in. screws. Additionally, add 2×4 on the top for top plate.

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Top plate secures wall to each other and creates a level surface for roof trusses.

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Roof support:

I started to add roof trusses, and I used spare piece of 2×4 just to hold first end truss in place temporary.

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I placed all 5 trusses at approximate 24 in. on center just like wall studs.

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I then secured each one with two 3 1/2 inch screws at each side at 24 in. on center.IMG_1558

I then used another 8 ft. 2×4 for the end of truss and secured with 3 1/2 inch screws.

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Added another 8 ft. 2×4 on other side of roof truss.

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Roof Panels:

Because each side of a roof is not 4 ft. wide, I had to cut each roof panel long ways to make it fit. In addition, my roof will have a ridge went so 1 in. Opening will be left on a top on each side. Roof panels were cut at 44 1/2 in. Wide and left them 8 ft long. Then I used screws to secure it to the roof trusses. This also helps you square the roof trusses.

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Then same will be done on the opposite side on the roof.

Then we will put the felt paper on the roof. To better insulate and protect from rain, I also used same felt paper and wrapped the shed.

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Siding:

I jumped the gun and did not take pictures of adding composite panel siding and roof trim. Basically, you take your 4×8 ft. siding panels and place next to building and cut extra from top with same pitch as your roof. For door, I left opening 1 inch bigger on siding for the double doors. I nailed the panel where studs are with 2 1/2 nails every 6 inches.

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Side panels are the same and easier you just cut them how long you want them ( mine was 81 inches long) and then nail with 2 1/2 inch nails at 24 in. on center. I spaced nails every 6 inches.

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Doors:

I did not cover how you shingle the roof since there are tons of great videos on You Tube on this. For the entrance, I wanted to have double doors instead one large door. Then I used sandwich method where you use 2×4 in the middle for the frame then you add OSB for the back and siding for the front. It’s all secured with screws.

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Then we use 2 in. Trim around the door frame and on the doors to make them look better. Additionally, attached 6 in. Door hinges.
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Then added basic door latches on the doors.

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Ramp:

Since I wanted to use this shed primarily for my riding mower. I needed to add ramp.

Ramp was put together using spare 2×6 and screwed using 21/2 in. screws.

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Finally I used caulk to cover all the panel over laps, nails on the trim and panels.

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Final steps is painting.  I used greenish exterior behr paint and painted trim with darker green.

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All Done.

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Thank you for checking out my project.

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